3.4. Check of levels of liquids

Below also some special procedures of service demanding performance of additional checks of levels of liquids are described. Regularly look under the car, checking it for existence of signs of development of leak of working liquids.

Check of levels of the main working liquids (motive oil, cooling liquid, liquid of washing of a windshield, battery electrolyte, liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel) should be made on a regular basis, at least once a month or through each 5000 km of a run. The others - according to the schedule THAT (see the Section Schedule of Routine Maintenance of the Mitsubishi Galant/Mirage/Diamante Cars).


Various liquids play a role of working bodies in lubrication systems, coolings, braking, couplings, heating and air conditioning, washing of glasses, etc. In view of the fact that all liquids are subject to fluidifying and development eventually, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their full replacement periodically. Before starting adjustment of level or replacement, study the list of the grades of liquids recommended for use in the car.

When checking levels of liquids the car has to be parked on the flat horizontal platform, whenever possible with a hard coating.


Motive oil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Check of level of motive oil is made by means of the measuring probe passed throughout the directing tube and the pallet of its case lowered in the engine to the lower point. Location of the measuring probe is shown on the illustrations showing placement of components in a motive compartment of the car and placed at the beginning of the present Chapter.
2. Check of level of oil has to be made before the first in the present day trip, or about 15 minutes later after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after switching off of the engine, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as a part of oil will be distributed on internal galleries and components of the engine.

3. Take the measuring probe from the directing tube and dry wipe its edge with pure rags or a paper towel. Insert the probe back into a tube against the stop, then again take. Having examined a probe edge, estimate the size of the site moistened with oil. Level of oil has to be between the top and lower marks in a probe edge. In case of need add the corresponding amount of oil of the required grade in the engine.

4. Rise in level from the lower (MIN) mark in the probe to top (MOVE) requires slightly less than one liter of oil. Lowering of level out of limits of the lower bound of admissible range leads to development of oil starvation of the engine fraught with serious mechanical damages of the last. Try not to pour also oil above the top mark as it can lead to a pelting of spark plugs or failure of epiploons of the power unit as a result of excessive increase in pressure.
5. To fill in oil in the engine it is necessary to uncover equipped with a carving of a jellied mouth. In order to avoid spraying of oil during its gas station in the engine use a funnel, or a butterdish with a long nose. Having filled in oil, screw and strongly tighten a cover of a jellied mouth, then start the engine and attentively examine a drain stopper and the surface of an oil filter interfaced to the block on existence of signs of leaks. Kill the engine, wait about 15 minutes during which oil will merge in the pallet, then double-check its level.
6. Check of level of engine oil is the important preventive procedure of service of the engine. Continuous decrease in level demonstrates existence of leak of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing laying, wear of piston rings or the directing plugs of valves. If oil on color or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of laying of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a body of a head(s) or the block. Check has to be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its state. Big and index fingers remove oil traces from a probe edge, - in case of presence at it of small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (see the Section Replacement of Motive Oil and Oil Filter).


Cooling liquid of the engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Do not allow hit of antifreeze on open parts of the body and the painted surfaces of the car. Immediately wash away casual splashes a plentiful amount of water. Remember that antifreeze is extremely toxic liquid and its hit in an organism even in small amounts is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to a lethal outcome. Never leave antifreeze stored in leaky closed container, immediately collect the cooling liquid spilled on a floor. Remember that the sweetish smell of antifreeze can draw to itself attention of children and animals. About ways utilization of the fulfilled cooling liquid consult with local authorities,-.во many regions of the world special points on different reception of working off are equipped. Do not merge old cooling liquid in the sewerage and on the earth at all!


Recently nontoxical grades of antifreeze are developed, nevertheless, they also had to be utilized in an organized order.


1. All models of cars described in the present manual are equipped with the cooling system of compensation type working with an excessive pressure. The broad tank of the cooling system made of translucent plastic is located in a forward corner of a motive compartment closely to the battery and connected by an overflow hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At warming up of the engine cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows via the valve which is built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, liquid comes back on a hose in a radiator that allows to support constantly normal its level in system.

Do not uncover a jellied mouth of a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine at all!

2. Level of cooling liquid in a broad tank is checked on a regular basis and has to be supported between the marks FULL and LOW put on a stack of the tank manufactured of translucent plastic. It is necessary to remember that the level of cooling liquid depends on its temperature therefore it has to be in a cold state only slightly above lower (LOW), and after warming up of the engine - to rise to the mark FULL. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added in a tank the required quantity is fresher than mix.

For adjustment of level of liquid use only the required structure mix of ethylene glycol and the distilled water (about 50/50). Remember that idle time of water leads frequent application for this purpose to gradual fluidifying of antifreeze and losing by mix of frost resistance and anticorrosive properties. It is also not necessary to abuse various type additives.

3. Continuous falling of level of cooling liquid usually demonstrates development of leaks in system. Check a radiator, connecting hoses, a cover of a jellied mouth, drain traffic jams and the case of the water pump for existence of traces of leaks. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator pressure in the conditions of a workshop of car service.

Do not uncover a radiator / a broad tank at the hot engine at all!

4. In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait for full cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly turn off a cover to the first emphasis. If at the same time there is steam emission, let's the engine cool down a little more, only after it finally uncover.
5. Besides level always check also a condition of cooling liquid, - it has to be rather transparent. If cooling liquid is painted in henna-red color of a rust, the cooling system has to be emptied, washed out and filled with fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if liquid externally is not exposed to any changes, the corrosion inhibitors which are its part are exposed eventually to development therefore cooling liquid has to be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (see the Section Schedule of Routine Maintenance of the Mitsubishi Galant/Mirage/Diamante Cars).
6. Try not to allow hits of antifreeze on open sites of skin or the painted surfaces of body components. Immediately wash away casual splashes a plentiful amount of water.


Liquid for washing of a windshield

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Liquid for washing of a windshield is filled in in the special tank manufactured of plastic located in a forward corner of a motive compartment of the car, an opposite corner in which the rechargeable battery and a broad tank of the cooling system are placed. In regions with a temperate climate as liquid for washing of glass clear water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of compensation of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At operation of the car in severe climatic conditions to use only patent screen wipers providing the corresponding decrease in a freezing point of liquid. In order to avoid frosting of glass when washing in cold weather previously warm up it by an obduv the air passed via the heater heat exchanger

Rules of configuration of mix are usually printed to the label of a container. Do not apply to addition in liquid of washing of glasses the antifreeze used in the cooling system at all, - the last is aggressive in relation to a paint and varnish covering of body panels!


Electrolyte of the rechargeable battery

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

The cars considered in the present manual are completed with the battery of tight type which is not needing service in which case only air vents are provided. The case of the battery can be manufactured of translucent plastic, - in this case electrolyte level in its banks can be controlled for the purpose of obtaining indirect information on serviceability of functioning of system of a charge and current state of the battery. If in use the vehicle the battery for any reason was replaced on usual (the served type), it is necessary to check electrolyte level in its banks from time to time for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied traffic jams. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolyte level in warm season. For adjustment of level of electrolyte it is necessary to use only the distilled water.


Hydraulic liquid of the brake system and drive of coupling

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The Main Brake Cylinder (MBC) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes. The hydraulic cylinder of coupling is used on models with RKPP and fastens on a back partition of a motive compartment in the neighbourhood with GTTs (location of tanks of both cylinders is shown on see accompanying the illustrations explaining an arrangement of components in motive compartments of the considered models at the beginning of this Chapter).
2. Liquid level in GTTs tanks and the drive of coupling is well looked through through translucent walls of the last and has to be supported between the marks MIN and MOVE, without reaching to top on 8 ÷ 9 mm.

3. In case of need adjustments of level of liquid carefully wipe a cover of the corresponding tank and a surface around it with pure rags in order to avoid hit in hydraulic system of dirt.
4. At a liquid flood in the tank you watch that it was not sprayed on the surrounding painted surfaces of body elements. Add to each of systems only liquid of the grade stipulated by standard requirements (see Specifications at the beginning of this Chapter), - mixing of two liquids of various grade is inadmissible by no means and can lead to refusal of the corresponding system!

Brake fluid is extremely chemically aggressive, - do not allow hit it in eyes and on the painted surfaces of body panels! Do not use for addition in system the hydraulic liquid which staid more than one year, or stored in leaky closed container. Remember that brake fluid is very hygroscopic, i.e. has ability to absorb moisture from air therefore efficiency of functioning of the brake system can dangerously decrease!

5. At a stage of adjustment of level it is necessary to check also attentively a condition of liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of identification of mud deposits, firm foreign particles or drops of water the system has to be emptied and filled with fresh hydraulic liquid (see Chapters Coupling and the transmission line and the Brake system).
6. After the tank is filled to the required level, densely put on it a cover.
7. Remember that the level of hydraulic liquid in the GTTs tank in process of operation of frictional overlays of brake shoes gradually falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If liquid has to be added too often, therefore, in system leak which source has to be immediately revealed takes place, and the cause is removed, - attentively examine all brake lines and their nipple connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (for more details see in the Section Check of Serviceability of Functioning of the Vacuum Amplifier of Brakes). Falling of level of liquid in the tank of a hydraulic actuator of coupling demonstrates development of leaks in a path, including the executive cylinder (see the Head Stsepleniye and the transmission line).
8. If during check of level of liquid in the main cylinders the fact that its tank is almost devastated is elicited, the corresponding system has to be pumped completely over (see the Head Stsepleniye and the transmission line or the Brake system).


Liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The tank of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel is located in a forward corner of a motive compartment behind the glass washing liquid tank (see the accompanying illustrations explaining an arrangement of components in motive compartments of the considered models at the beginning of this Chapter).

2. The cover of the tank is equipped with the built-in measuring probe. A procedure for test standard for all measurements by means of probes.

3. Try not to allow a liquid level exit out of limits of the lower bound of admissible range.

4. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment of level, having added hydraulic liquid of the required grade in a tank mouth.

5. If need for adjustment of level of liquid arises regularly and often, check the steering pump, a case of rack transfer, and also all connecting lines of a hydraulic path of system and their nipple connections for existence of signs of leaks.


RKPP gearbox oil

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. The case RKPP is not equipped with the measuring probe. The car also establish to Poddomkratta it on props. Level of gearbox oil in the transmission is checked by a reversing of a control/jellied stopper from RKPP case sidewall.). Find a stopper and carefully wipe the box case surface surrounding it with pure rags. By means of a cap or face key turn out a stopper, - the level of gearbox oil in a case has to reach the lower cut of a control/jellied opening, otherwise it is necessary to make the corresponding adjustment. If the car is lifted above the ground for the purpose of ensuring access to RKPP case before getting under it make sure of reliability of fastening of props.

The car has to be installed strictly horizontally!


2. Having used a funnel with a suitable transitional nozzle, fill in the required amount of fresh gearbox oil in RKPP case. Continue to fill in oil until it does not begin to be poured through bottom edge of a jellied/control opening.
3. Screw carefully wiped stopper into place and strongly tighten it. Make short trial runs of the car after which make sure of lack of signs of development of leak of oil through a stopper.


ATF

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Correctness of the ATF level is one of critical operational parameters of the models equipped with AT. Excessive falling of the ATF level can lead to pro-slipping of the converter of rotation whereas the excessive amount of liquid leads to its foaming, to formation of leaks and is fraught with a transmission exit out of operation.
2. Check of the ATF level has to be made at the transmission warmed up to the normal working temperature (15 ÷ 20 km of a run, 72 ÷ 80 °C).

It is not necessary to make check of the ATF level right after operation of the car at high speeds, in the conditions of a city cycle in hot weather, or after towage of the trailer, - previously let's liquid cool down within about 30 minutes!

3. Park the car on the flat horizontal platform with a hard coating, strongly cock the parking brake. If the engine cold, start it and warm up up to the normal working temperature on single turns. At the working engine squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake and serially carry out the AT selector lever through all provisions, in conclusion, having returned it to situation "P".

4. Without suppressing the engine, take the measuring probe from the directing tube. Fingers remove traces of ATF from a probe edge and to the touch estimate its condition.

5. Carefully wipe an edge with pure rags and enter the probe back into the directing tube, having densely put a cover on a mouth.

6. Again take the probe from a mouth and determine the ATF level in a transmission case by length of the moistened site of an edge. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, through a funnel having added liquid of the required grade to transmission, - fill in ATF directly in a mouth of the directing tube of the measuring probe.

7. Rise in the ATF level from the lower bound of working range of the probe to top requires about 0.6 l of liquid - add ATF in the small portions in stages, every time checking level.
8. Along with level it is necessary to check as well a condition of ATF. If the liquid moistening the end of an edge of the probe has a dark red-brown shade, or smells of ashes, ATF should be replaced (see the Section ATF Replacement of automatic transmission and differential of the main transfer, check of a state and service of the AT filter). In the absence of confidence in correctness of assessment of a condition of transmission liquid compare it on color and a smell to fresh ATF.


Check of level of lubricant in the transfer case (only all-wheel drive Galant)

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Park the car on the flat horizontal platform, whenever possible with a hard coating. Cock the parking brake, on models from AT transfer the selector lever to situation "P".
2. Before starting check examine a case of the transfer case on existence of signs of development of leaks. Lubricant level in the transfer case on all-wheel drive models has to reach the lower cut of a control/jellied opening from the back party of its case. For check enter a finger into an opening. In parallel, estimate to the touch a condition of the oil which is filled in in a box.
3. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added the required amount of oil through a jellied opening, - use a funnel or the manual pump.
4. Track reliability of tightening of a stopper.


Lubricant of differential of the back bridge (only all-wheel drive Galant)

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

1. Park the car on the flat horizontal platform, whenever possible with a hard coating. Cock the parking brake, on models from AT transfer the selector lever to situation "P".
2. Lubricant level in differential also has to reach the lower cut of a control/jellied opening. For check enter a finger into an opening. In parallel, estimate to the touch a condition of the oil which is filled in in a box.
3. In case of need make the corresponding adjustment, having added the required amount of oil through a jellied opening, - use a funnel or the manual pump.
4. Track reliability of tightening of a stopper.