2.3. Instrumentations and governing bodies

The review of placement of instrumentations, governing bodies and so forth components, access to which can be necessary for the driver during the movement,

1 — Monetoderzhatel
2 — the Proofreader of the direction of optical axes of head headlights
3 — the Switch of the traction control system (TCL)
4 — the Left combined understeering switch (head headlights, indexes of turns, etc.)
5 — the Switch of remote electric control of external rear-view mirrors
6 — the Switch of forward fog headlights / back foggy lamps
7 — the ignition Lock
8 — the Potentiometer of brightness control of illumination of the dashboard
9 — the Safety cushion of the driver
10 — the Instrument guard
11 — the Right combined understeering switch (cleaners and washers of glasses and lenses of head headlights)
12 — the Digital watch
13 — the Switch of the alarm system

14 — the Control panel of functioning of the heater/conditioner of air
15 — the Safety cushion of the forward passenger
16 — the Radio tape recorder
17 — sunglasses Compartment
18 — the Lighter
19 — the Ashtray
20 — the gear shifting Lever the AT selector RKPP/lever
21 — the Switch of the choice of the AT modes (only models with AT)
22 — the Switch of heating of seats
23 — the Main switch of a tempostat (a control system of speed)
24 — the Switch of the choice of the high-speed mode of a tempostat


Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps of a combination of devices

1 — the Indicator of the mode of functioning of a tempostat
2 — Control lamps of indexes of turn
3 — the Control lamp of inclusion of forward fog lights
4 — the Control lamp of inclusion of driving beam of head headlights
5 — the Control lamp of inclusion of back foggy lamps
6 — the AT mode Indicator (only models with AT)
7 — the Indicator of the modes of functioning of the traction control system (TCL)
8 — the Control lamp of level of liquid of washing of glasses
9 — the Control lamp of level of motive oil
10 — the Control lamp of the minimum reserve of fuel
11 — the Control lamp of SRS
12 — the Indicator of leaky closing of doors

13 — the Control lamp of ABS
14 — the Control lamp of the brake system
15 — the Control lamp of the HOLD mode (only for models with AT)
16 — the Control lamp "Check the engine"
17 — the Control lamp of pressure of oil
18 — the Control lamp of a charge of the rechargeable battery
19 — the Control lamp of the fuel filter (only diesel models)
20 — the Control lamp of preheat (only diesel models)
21 — the Control lamp of the anticreeping alarm system


The general scheme of an arrangement of governing bodies is submitted on an illustration.

Combination of devices

Control lamps and indicators

The whole complex of control lamps and indicators by means of which the driver obtains important information on serviceability/violation functioning of the main units and systems of the car is built in assembly of a combination of devices of the car. The scheme of an arrangement of control lamps on an instrument guard is submitted on an illustration. Below information on the principle of functioning of each of the provided light indicators separately is offered to attention of the reader.

Control lamps of indexes of turn

1. Two control lamps in the form of arrows have a green luminescence and serve for control of serviceability of functioning of the corresponding indexes of turns. The direction of indicator arrows coincides with the chosen direction of change of course of the car. Control lamps work in the flashing mode with a frequency, the corresponding frequency of a blinking of indexes of turn. The speeded-up blinking of one of control lamps usually demonstrates burn-out of a lamp of one of indexes of the corresponding turn. Follows at the first opportunity to make replacement of the burned-down lamp not to create emergencies on roads.


2. Turning on of the alarm system usually is followed by a simultaneous blinking of control lamps of indexes of both turns.

Control lamp of inclusion of driving beam

This light indicator lights up along with inclusion of driving beam of head headlights of the car and differs in a characteristic blue luminescence.


Control lamp of inclusion of forward fog lights

Inclusion of forward fog lights of the car is followed by operation of this control lamp. The lamp has a green luminescence.


Control lamp of inclusion of back foggy lamps

The lamp differs in an amber luminescence and serves for indication of inclusion of back foggy lamps.


Control lamp of level of liquid of washing of glasses

This lamp shines yellow light and serves for the notice of the driver on the termination of a reserve of liquid of washing of glasses/lenses of head headlights.


Control lamp of pressure of motive oil

The control lamp has an amber luminescence and serves for the notice of the driver on dangerous decrease in level of motive oil. The lamp also quickly works at start of the engine.


Control lamp of leaky closing of doors

Burning of this control lamp warns the driver that not all doors of the car are densely shut. The lamp has a red luminescence.


Control lamp of raising of a parking brake / failures of the brake system

1. The control lamp (red) continuously burns at raising of the parking brake, reminding the driver of need of his otpuskaniye before a start of motion. The movement with the cocked parking brake leads to a bystry overheat and failure of brake mechanisms of back wheels of the car and premature wear of protectors of tires of back wheels, but also, can become a cause of infringement of serviceability of functioning of system of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS).


2. If the control lamp continues to burn after an otpuskaniye of the parking brake, or joins in time of the movement, it usually demonstrates excessive falling of level of brake fluid. One of the possible reasons of gradual decrease in level of brake fluid is normal wear of frictional overlays of brake shoes. At operation of a control lamp the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop for assessment of a condition of blocks and check of tightness of a hydraulic path of the brake system.
3. Short-term operation of a control lamp happens also at inclusion of ignition (even at the released parking brake).

Control lamp of pressure of motive oil

The control lamp of pressure of motive oil (red) has to light up at inclusion of ignition and die away right after start of the engine. The lamp blinking at the working engine demonstrates the pulsation decrease in working pressure of engine oil in the engine. Transition of the indicator to the mode of a constant luminescence says that pressure of oil fell to dangerously low level that is fraught with serious internal damages of the engine, up to its full exit out of operation. In both cases it is necessary to take urgent measures for adjustment of level of oil, identification and elimination of the reasons of pressure drop.


Control lamp of a charge of the rechargeable battery

The control lamp of a charge has to light up at inclusion of ignition and die away right after start of the engine. Inclusion of this control lamp at the working engine warns the driver about violation of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge, i.e., the rechargeable battery passes the category mode. It is necessary to switch off at once everything consumers of the electric power on whose functioning traffic safety does not depend and to try not to allow an engine stop as the attempt of its start can lead to the final category of the battery. The car should be driven away at once on the nearest car repair shop for performing diagnostics of refusal and performance of necessary recovery repair.


Control lamp "Check the engine"

The control lamp (amber) quickly lights up at inclusion of ignition. Operation of this indicator in any other time testifies to possible malfunction of one of systems of the engine, including systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases. In the absence of visible signs of refusals of functioning of systems of the power unit and decrease in dynamics of the vehicle, fixed by inclusion of a control lamp of violation can be the reason of increase in fuel consumption or increase in toxicity of emissions. Ignoring of signals of a control lamp is fraught with serious damages of the engine, up to a unit exit out of operation. At operation of a control lamp on the run it is necessary to stop immediately the movement, to park in the safe place and to kill the engine, then, later small time, to make start, watching at the same time behavior of a control lamp. If the lamp did not return to the normal mode of functioning and continues to burn, the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop for performing detailed diagnostics and performance of necessary recovery repair. Before elimination of malfunction of systems of the engine try to move with a moderate speed, avoiding sharp dispersals with full squeezing of the accelerator pedal.

Even if at restart of the engine the control lamp comes back to the normal mode of functioning (i.e., dies away), follows at the first opportunity to address for consultation on car repair shop, especially if such inclusions of a lamp happen not for the first time.


Continuation of operation of the car with the included control lamp of violation of serviceability of functioning of systems of the engine can lead to premature failure of the catalytic converter. Remember that do not extend to the refusals and damages which resulted from operation of the car with the included control lamp, guarantee certificates of manufacturer!


Control lamp of system of additional safety (SRS)

This control lamp lights up at inclusion of ignition and has to die away right after implementation of start of the engine. if the lama continues to burn at the working engine (in the constant or flashing mode), it indicates existence of malfunction of components of the SRS system. At the corresponding complete set operation of this control lamp can be the testimony of malfunction in contours of side safety cushions, or devices of automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts.


Control lamp of a reserve reserve of fuel

The control lamp is built in in fuel consumption measuring instrument (see below) and joins when in the fuel tank of the car there are less than 9.0 l of fuel and warns the driver about need to make gas station of the car at the first opportunity.

Measuring instruments/indexes

The scheme of an arrangement of measuring instruments/indexes is presented to combinations of devices on an illustration.

Scheme of an arrangement of measuring instruments of a combination of devices

1 — the fuel reserve Measuring instrument
2 — the Speedometer
3 — the Odometer
4 — the Tachometer

5 — the Index of temperature of cooling liquid
6 — the Button of dumping of indications of the measuring instrument of a run
7 — the car run Measuring instrument from the moment of dumping


Tachometer

The tachometer shows the frequency of rotation of a bent shaft of the engine in thousands of revolutions per minute. In order to avoid an exit of the engine it is out of operation forbidden to exceed the most admissible frequency of rotation of a bent shaft (the arrow of a tachometer never has to come into a red zone of a scale).


Speedometer

The speedometer shows the speed of the movement of the car. As a unit of measure usually serves the km/h. in certain cases on the dial of the measuring instrument two scales can be put: km/h and miles/h. The alarm buzzer of excess of admissible safe speed of the movement (120 km/h) can sometimes be included in the package of the car.


The fuel reserve measuring instrument in a tank

Typical type of the dial of the measuring instrument of a reserve of fuel

And — the Control lamp of a reserve reserve of fuel


The device registers the current amount of fuel in a tank. The error of indications of the measuring instrument is minimum when the car holds strictly horizontal position. At movement of the car along twisting or hilly roads the error of the device increases. Functioning of the measuring instrument does not depend on position of the ignition key. The tag of F corresponds to a condition of full gas station, E - to an empty tank. The control lamp (A) which is built in the dial informs the driver on need at the first opportunity to make refueling of the car.

Index of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine

And — an overheat zone Tag


The device registers temperature of cooling liquid of the engine. Normal working temperature of the engine at operation of the car in usual conditions corresponds to the average provision of an arrow of the index. Under trying conditions operation, for example, in very hot weather or at long rise uphill the arrow of the index can rise to the top red mark in a scale (N). If temperature of the engine increased so that the arrow of the index comes into limits of red range of a scale of the measuring instrument (a tag And), it is necessary to stop immediately the movement, to move down on a roadside, to park the car and to make check of a condition of the cooling system regarding clarification of the reasons of an overheat of the engine (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance).

Odometer

The odometer fixes the general run of the car in kilometers or miles, depending on execution option.

Measuring instrument run/index of temperature of external air

The measuring instrument registers the current run of the car from the moment of the last dumping of indications (in kilometers or miles, depending on execution option). Dumping of indications of the measuring instrument is made by means of the special button which is built in in an instrument guard assemblies of a speedometer are more left.

The governing bodies located on a steering column and on the control panel

The left combined understeering switch (external lighting and alarm fixtures)

Choice of the mode of functioning of external lighting fixtures

1. The choice of the mode of functioning of external lighting fixtures (dimensions, the neighbor of light) is made by means of the rotary handle located on the end of the lever of the understeering switch. There is a possibility of the choice of one of three modes of external lighting:


O is switched off
— marker lights - join lobbies and back marker lights, lamps of illumination of registration plate
— passing beam - in additives to fires involved in the previous position of the handle passing beam of head headlights is turned on
2. On the models equipped with system of running fires of day time of day (DRL) head headlights automatically are transferred to the mode of passing beam at inclusion of ignition. Back marker lights are also automatically activated.
3. The majority of models is equipped with the alarm buzzer serving for the warning of the driver of need of shutdown of lighting before an exit from the car. The buzzer works in attempt of opening of a driver's door at the switched-off ignition (a key in position of LOCK or ASS) if the handle of the choice of the mode of external lighting is not transferred to situation "Vykl" O.

Remember that excessively long functioning of external lighting at the killed engine is fraught with replanting of the rechargeable battery!


Switching of the modes of functioning of head headlights (passing/driving beam)

Inclusion of driving beam and alarm system headlights

1 — Inclusion of driving beam

2 — the Alarm system headlights


1. A transfer of head headlights from the mode of passing beam in the mode of driving beam is made by transfer of the lever of the understeering switch to situation (1), - automatically on an instrument guard the corresponding control lamp of characteristic blue light has to light up (see above).
2. Also the possibility of the alarm system is provided by driving beam: the alarm system is carried out by easy push-up of the lever of the understeering switch in the direction of inclusion of driving beam (situation (2)) and irrespective of the chosen position of the handle of the choice of the mode of functioning of external lighting fixtures (see above).

Indexes of turns

Activation of indexes of turns

1 — Inclusion of indexes in the constant mode (before operation of the terminal switch or transfer of the lever to average situation)

2 — Short-term activation of indexes (to a lever otpuskaniye)


1. Activation of indexes of turns is made by push-up of the lever of the left understeering switch in the corresponding direction. The lever is transferred up or down, to dependences of the chosen direction of change of course.
2. At transfer of the lever to extreme top/lower situation (before click) the corresponding indexes of turns will continue to function until the steering wheel is not returned in rectilinear situation (the terminal switch will work), or so far the lever will not be returned in neutral situation.
3. Short-term inclusion of indexes, for example, at intention to replace a lane of the movement is made by easy procrastination of the lever up or down.

Washers of lenses of head headlights

1. Inclusion of washers of lenses of head headlights for 0.5 seconds is made by a single nazhimaniye on the face handle of the left combined understeering switch.

Activation of washers is possible only at the switched-on external lighting fixtures (any of active provisions of the handle).


2. Periodically check provisions of the spraying nozzles, - the stream of liquid given through them has to get on a surface of lenses.
3. You watch that at the tank of washers constantly there was a liquid.

Regulator of an inclination of optical axes of head headlights

1. The tilt angle of optical axes of head headlights changes depending on loading of the car.
2. For adjustment of a distance of lighting (at inclusion of passing beam) not to blind drivers of oncoming cars, it is possible to use the regulator of an inclination of optical axes of headlights.
3. The regulator has to be installed in the situation (according to the provided table) corresponding to the number of passengers and extent of loading of the car.

On cars with self-regulating shock-absorbers the tilt angle of a beam of head headlights is supported to constants automatically.



• 1 person (about 75 kg)
(Freight): The sedan - 71 kg, the Versatile person - 70 kg
(Freight): The sedan of 262 kg, the Versatile person - 260 kg

The right combined understeering switch (cleaners and washers of a windshield)

Switch of cleaners and washers of a windshield

1. Activation of cleaners and washers of wind is possible only at the included ignition (a key in position of ON or ASS).
2. For management of cleaners/washers of glasses one of three types of switches is used.

Switch of the first type

Inclusion of the mode of single operation of screen wipers and mode of washing of glass

1 — Single operation of screen wipers

2 — glass Washing


1. The first type of the switch is used for management of screen wipers without a possibility of adjustment of duration of pauses of the interval mode. In this case the lever of the understeering switch is not equipped with the rotary handle. The choice of the mode of functioning of cleaners is made by transfer of the lever to one of four possible provisions:

O is switched off
---interval mode
l slow movement
ll bystry movement

2. Also the possibility of single operation of cleaners is provided, - rather slightly to delay the lever of the understeering switch on itself. This function is especially useful at the movement in fog or under a drizzle. Stronger procrastination of the lever will lead to operation of washers
3. Inclusion of washers of glass is made by means of procrastination on itself the lever of the understeering switch.

Supply of the washing liquid is followed by several cycles of operation of screen wipers.

Switches of the second and third types

Two other types of switches are used for management of screen wipers with a possibility of adjustment of duration of pauses of the interval mode. The mentioned adjustment is carried out by rotation of the ring switch in the center of the handle of the lever of the understeering switch, or rotation of the face handle of the lever. Inclusion of all functions is made also as well as in case of switches of the first type (see above).


Switch of a cleaner and washer of back glass

1. A cleaner/washer of back glass are activated only at the included ignition (the key is turned in position of ON or ASS).

2. Inclusion of a cleaner is made by turning of the handle of management on the lever of the corresponding understeering switch. The cleaner has two operating modes of functioning: the mode of continuous work and the interval mode which inclusion is made by consecutive interpretation of the handle clockwise from zero situation (O).

3. Supply of the washing liquid is made by means of turning of the handle counterclockwise from neutral situation (O).

Precautionary measures when using of cleaners and washers of glasses

1. Attempts of start of screen wipers at the brushes which froze slightly to glass are fraught with an electric motor exit out of operation as a result of an overheat, - previously glass should be cleared of ice/snow and to warm up by an obduv hot air (see the Section Comfort).
2. Avoid inclusion of screen wipers at dry glass, - it is fraught with developing of scratches on glass, and also considerably reduces service life of rubber working elements of brushes.
3. It is not necessary to include a washer continuously more than for 20 seconds, also avoid inclusion of washers at the empty tank, - it is fraught with failure of a driving electric motor of the giving pump. Periodically check liquid level in the tank, in case of need you make the corresponding adjustment (see the Head Nastroyki and routine maintenance).
4. In cold season fill in only special frost-resistant structures in the tank of washers of glasses, - freezing of the washing liquid can lead to failure of the tank and tubes of the giving path.
5. Before use of washers in cold weather previously warm up glass, - freezing of liquid can lead to dangerous deterioration in the review to the driver.

Switch of the alarm light system

1. Turning on of the alarm system is made by push-up of the push-button switch which is built in in the central part of the dashboard of the car and usually equipped with an alarm lamp with the pictogram representing two triangles entered each other.

2. Turning on of the alarm system leads to simultaneous operation of all four indexes of turns (and their control lamps on an instrument guard of the car). The alarm system is intended for the warning of other participants of traffic of the compelled stop of the car and is used also in other dangerous situations provided by traffic regulations.

Switch of an electrical heating of back glass / external rear-view mirrors

1. Inclusion of an electrical heating allows to remove from the surface of back glass of condensate, hoarfrost, and even thin frost. The button of inclusion of an electrical heating is located on the control panel of functioning of the heater/conditioner of air.

On appropriately equipped models along with heating of back glass joins as well heating of external rear-view mirrors.


2. At inclusion of heating the light indicator which is built in the switch button lights up.
3. Shutdown of heating is made by repeated pressing the button.

On the models equipped with the air conditioning system shutdown of heating of glass it is made automatically in 20 minutes on a timer signal. Do not forget to check before a start of motion quality of the review through back glass of the car.

4. The threadlike grid of a heating element of a heater is pasted on the internal surface of back glass and demands care in the address, - try not to damage a grid when wiping glass. Wiping should be made only along heater threads.

Switch of fog lights

Fog lights can be included only at the included marker lights and are automatically disconnected at switching off of the last. For inclusion of fog lights press the button of the switch which is built in the dashboard (see an accompanying illustration). The control lamp reminding to the driver that fog lights remain included is built in the button of the switch. Shutdown of headlights is carried out by repeated pressing the button.


Switch of back foggy lamps

Activation of back foggy lamps becomes possible only at the included head and/or forward fog lights (at the corresponding complete set). For inclusion of foggy lamps press the button of the switch which is built in in the dashboard (directly under the button of inclusion of forward fog lights). The control lamp reminding to the driver that foggy lamps remain included on an instrument guard of the car also is built in the button the corresponding control lamp lights up (see above). Shutdown of lamps is carried out by repeated pressing the button.

Foggy lamps are disconnected automatically together with head headlights.

Dashboard illumination brightness regulator

Regulator of intensity of illumination of the dashboard

1 — Increase in brightness

2 — Reduction of brightness

The regulator of brightness of illumination is located on the car dashboard, directly to the left of a steering column. The required intensity of illumination of the panel is made by rotation of an adjusting castor of a potentiometer.

Illumination of salon

Main saloon lamp

Models without the top hatch

Main saloon lamp, provisions of switches of management

1 — Vykl
2 — Activation from door sensors switches

3 — Vkl

The lamp is located in a forward part of the ceiling arch of the car and turns on automatically when opening doors. On the models equipped with the anticreeping alarm system when closing doors of a lamp of the lamp begin to reduce smoothly luminescence brightness before full switching off. The lamp consists of two separate sections providing independent illumination of the left and right half of salon and operated by individual switches.

Models with the top hatch

Buttons of the choice of the mode of functioning of the main saloon lamp

1 — Vykl
2 — Activation from door sensors switches

3 — Vkl


On models with the top hatch the design of the main saloon lamp differs from a little described above. Switching of the modes of functioning of the lamp is carried out by means of a set from three push-button switches located in a middle part of plafonny assembly, side buttons are intended for inclusion switching off of lamps of personal lighting.

Back personal lamps

1 — Vkl

2 — Vykl (lamps join only when opening doors)

Back personal lamps settle down in the top part of door pillars and are equipped with individual switches.